Survey: More Than Half of Americans Do Not Take Prescription Medicines as Instructed, Pointing to Growing Public Health Problem
Thu, 11/12/2009 - 4:04am
A new survey finds that 54 percent of Americans say they do not consistently take prescriptions as instructed even though 87 percent believe prescription medicines are important to their health – pointing to a growing public health problem. The survey examining prescription adherence was released today by Prescription Solutions, a leading pharmacy benefit management organization and a UnitedHealth Group (NYSE:UNH) company, and the National Council on Patient Information and Education (NCPIE). Poor adherence to medications – the extent to which people take their medications as prescribed by their doctor – can have adverse effects on people’s health. It diminishes the ability to treat chronic conditions like diabetes, heart disease, cancer, asthma and many other diseases; and it can result in suffering, an increase in hospitalizations and even death. Non-adherence with prescription medications also is a key source of unnecessary cost in the U.S. health care system. According to a recent New England Healthcare Institute (NEHI) study, otherwise avoidable medical spending resulting directly from non-adherence accounts for up to $290 billion per year, or 13 percent of total health care expenditures. The Prescription Solutions/NCPIE survey found that nearly 60 percent of respondents believe that when people take their prescription medications as instructed, it will lead to better health and it can help lower costs to the health system. “The hidden health, financial and productivity costs of people not following their medication regimens as instructed are profound, making prescription non-adherence a national health problem,” said Jacqueline Kosecoff, chief executive officer of Prescription Solutions. “The survey clearly shows that people need and want more information, guidance and help understanding and using prescription medicines.” Feeling Better and Side-Effect Concerns Are Top Reasons for Non-Adherence Of those surveyed, 37 percent said they did not finish taking all the prescription medicine as instructed, and 31 percent said they skipped doses. Twenty-three percent said they did not refill their prescriptions as instructed. When asked why they did not follow their doctors’ instructions, 59 percent said that they started to feel better and didn’t think it was necessary to keep taking the prescription medicine. Four in ten (37 percent) said they were concerned about side effects, while 25 percent said that they weren’t feeling any better so they didn’t think it was necessary to keep taking the prescription medicine. Nearly a quarter (24 percent) said they stopped taking the medicine because it was too expensive. “Poor medicine adherence – dubbed by NCPIE over two decades ago as ‘America’s other drug problem,’ – appears to be as pervasive and costly in terms of health and economic consequences today as in years past,” said Ray Bullman, executive vice president of NCPIE. “These survey findings underscore the challenge of non-adherence and the need for frequent and ongoing communication between consumers and their health care providers about medicines so that consumers recognize the value of medicines properly used and can derive the maximum benefit – and the minimum risk – from their prescription medications.” Data Suggest Refill Reminders, Regular Check-Ins, Easier-to-Read Instructions Would Aid Adherence When asked what would help them take their medications as instructed, 39 percent cited refill reminders. Twenty-five percent of respondents said they would do better at taking their prescription medicines as instructed if someone were to follow up with them or encourage them along the way; this could include a loved one, caregiver or health care provider, for example. More than a third (34 percent) said that they would adhere better if they were provided easier-to-understand instructions about how to take their prescription medicines. Nearly half said lower cost for prescription medicines (49 percent) and fewer side effects (48 percent) would help them better take their medications as instructed. Most Americans Are Reading Prescription Medicine Instructions; Men and Women Differ Among additional findings of the survey, when it comes to reading the instructions that come with their medicines, 73 percent said they read both the label and the information on the medicine insert. Women are more apt to read both the label and the printed information on the insert (82 percent) compared with men (63 percent). Only 2 percent say they don’t read any of the materials. In addition, when they’ve experienced a prescription medicine side effect, women are far more apt to talk to their doctor or pharmacist (72 percent) versus men (57 percent), further illustrating gender differences when it comes to problem solving through information seeking. The Road to Better Adherence “As our aging population grows, more people are taking multiple medications, and we have to employ a variety of pro-active and responsive strategies to help people improve their adherence,” said Joseph Addiego, M.D., senior vice president and chief medical officer for Prescription Solutions. “Prescription Solutions is doing its part to serve the needs of our customers and the entire health care system by offering an array of clinical programs that support people in adhering to their prescriptions so they can improve their health – ultimately leading to lower costs for everyone.” Prescription Solutions and NCPIE both offer tips for consumers when it comes to taking prescription medications, including: Ask your doctor or pharmacist about instructions for use and possible side effects whenever a new medication is prescribed. Share information with your health practitioners about all the other medications, vitamins and herbal supplements you are taking to avoid negative drug/drug interactions and reduce the potential for side effects. Keep a current list of all medications
you are taking, both prescription and over-the-counter and share this with your doctor at each visit. Read carefully the information that comes with your medication and save it for future reference. Call your doctor, pharmacist or pharmacy benefits manager if you are experiencing side effects from your medication. Consider cost-saving and convenient options like mail order and use generic alternatives where appropriate. Prescription Solutions, a NCPIE member organization, was recently appointed to a seat on NCPIE’s board of directors. Survey Methodology The national telephone poll was conducted October 22-25, 2009 by Opinion Research Corp. on behalf of Prescription Solutions and NCPIE. The national probability sample included 1,000 adults (500 men and 500 women), 18 years of age and older, and living in private households in the continental United States. The margin of error was +/- 3 percentage points at a 95 percent confidence level.