The Medicines Company and Alnylam Pharmaceuticals , Inc., announced today that they have formed an exclusive global alliance for the development and commercialization of Alnylam’s ALN-PCS RNAi therapeutic program for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
“This new alliance unites two organizations with a shared culture and commitment to innovation. In my view and past experience, there could be no stronger partner for our ALN-PCS program than The Medicines Company, which has demonstrated industry-wide leadership in the advancement of cardiovascular medicines to patients and remarkable success in its strategy of in-licensing, developing, and commercializing breakthrough products,” said John Maraganore, Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer of Alnylam. “For Alnylam, this new partnership enables the advancement of ALN-PCS, an important program within our ‘Alnylam 5x15’ product development and commercialization strategy focused on RNAi therapeutics directed toward genetically validated targets. We believe that the ALN-PCS program holds great promise for the development of a significant therapeutic option for patients with hypercholesterolemia, and that the unique mechanism of action for ALN-PCS could provide a differentiated and potentially best-in-class strategy for PCSK9 antagonism.”
“Our focus on acute and intensive care medicine has led us to a leadership position with Angiomax® (bivalirudin) and potentially with cangrelor in the management of patients in extreme risk as a consequence of the rupture of their vulnerable coronary artery plaque at and around the time of acute coronary syndromes. Meantime, we have made progress with MDCO-216 (ApoA-1 Milano), a turbocharged form of HDL-C (‘good cholesterol’) which has the potential to modify disease through reverse cholesterol transport,” said Clive Meanwell, M.D., Ph.D., Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of The Medicines Company. “Now, this exciting collaboration with Alnylam - leaders in their field of RNAi - adds a second potentially disease modifying approach and more cutting edge technology to our portfolio. We have seen that PCSK9 gene silencing can substantially reduce LDL-cholesterol in patients and has epidemiological and disease mechanisms studies suggest this can further reduce the risks of the world’s number one killer, coronary artery disease. Clearly we see the complementarity of approaches which increase ‘good cholesterol’ (HDL-C) and decrease ‘bad cholesterol’ (LDL-C). We look forward to working with our colleagues at Alnylam for whom we have the greatest respect and admiration based upon earlier collaborations particularly around Angiomax, which was invented by John Maraganore.”
PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) is a protein that regulates low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor levels on hepatocytes; gain-of-function human mutations in PCSK9 are associated with hypercholesterolemia while loss-of-function mutations are associated with lower levels of LDL cholesterol and a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. ALN-PCS is a PCSK9 synthesis inhibitor that reduces intracellular and extracellular levels of PCSK9 resulting in lowered plasma levels of LDL-C. MDCO-216 is a naturally occurring variant of a protein found in high-density lipoprotein, or HDL. It is a reverse cholesterol transport agent designed to reduce atherosclerotic plaque burden development and thereby reduce the risk of adverse thrombotic events.
Under this alliance, The Medicines Company and Alnylam intend to collaborate on the advancement of the ALN-PCS program. Alnylam’s ALN-PCS program includes ALN-PCS02 - an intravenously administered RNAi therapeutic which has completed a Phase I trial, and ALN-PCSsc - a subcutaneously administered RNAi therapeutic currently in pre-clinical development. Alnylam will continue the program for an estimated one to two years to complete certain pre-clinical and Phase I clinical studies. The Medicines Company is responsible for leading and funding development from Phase II forward and commercializing the ALN-PCS program if successful. Under the terms of the agreement, The Medicines Company will make an upfront cash payment of $25 million to Alnylam. Alnylam may also receive potential development and commercial milestone payments of up to $180 million. Alnylam will be eligible to receive scaled double-digit royalties on global products sales of ALN-PCS products.
Alnylam has completed a Phase I trial of ALN-PCS02 in healthy volunteer subjects with elevated baseline LDL-C. Results showed that administration of a single intravenous dose of drug, in the absence of concomitant lipid-lowering agents such as statins, resulted in statistically significant and durable reductions of PCSK9 plasma levels of up to 84% and lowering of LDL-C of up to 50%. ALN-PCS02 was shown to be generally safe and well tolerated in this study and there were no serious adverse events related to study drug administration. Alnylam has also presented pre-clinical data from its ALN-PCSsc program demonstrating potent knockdown of the PCSK9 target gene with an ED 50 of less than 0.3 mg/kg after a single subcutaneous dose.
“Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of mortality worldwide, with elevated LDL-C a major modifiable risk factor. New strategies are needed to dramatically and rapidly reduce LDL-C and prevent acute cardiovascular events that result from the rupture of cholesterol rich plaque when patients are at their most vulnerable,” said Daniel J. Rader, M.D., professor of Medicine and chief, Division of Translational Medicine and Human Genetics, at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. “As a key regulator of the LDL receptor, liver-expressed PCSK9 is one of the most important and best validated new targets in molecular medicine for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The ALN-PCS data generated to date are very encouraging and I look forward to continued clinical studies that highlight the unique mechanistic approach of PCSK9 synthesis inhibitors.”
Dr. Rader serves as a member of Alnylam’s Scientific Advisory Board and as a consultant on Alnylam’s ALN-PCS program, and Alnylam and Dr. Rader collaborate on research for which Alnylam provides materials.