FDA Designates Dompe’s rhNGF-Based Treatment for Neurotrophic Keratitis Orphan Drug Status
Dompe announced that rhNGF (Recombinant Human Nerve Growth Factor) has been designated as an orphan drug by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
The candidate drug, developed by the research of Dompe, has been designated as an orphan drug for the treatment of neurotrophic keratitis, a degenerative corneal disease that affects less than 1 in 5,000 people and is currently without a cure. This is the second orphan drug designation by the FDA for rhNGF, after the recent designation for the treatment of retinitis pigmentosa, a rare genetic disease that affects more than 1 million people worldwide.
This acknowledgment represents an important step in the clinical development of the drug, which is currently in advanced stages of experimentation for the treatment of neurotrophic keratitis in the REPARO study. The randomized, double-blind study includes 39 centers in 9 European countries (Italy, Great Britain, Germany, France, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Hungary) and involves patients suffering from unilateral neurotrophic keratitis with grade 2 lesions (persistent epithelial defect) or grade 3 lesions (corneal ulcers) that do not respond to the currently available medical treatment. The objective of the trial is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of two different doses of recombinant human nerve growth factor (rhNGF) compared to the placebo. The more than 170 patients enrolled in the study are divided into three different groups, treated respectively with two different doses of rhNGF and with the placebo.
The secondary objectives include the evaluation of corneal lesion healing, improvement in visual acuity, and the sensitivity of the cornea.
"We are particularly proud of this new FDA designation, which represents an important recognition of our Research & Development efforts in the field of ophthalmology on a global scale, particularly in North America," - explains Eugenio Aringhieri, CEO of the Dompe Group. "It is another confirmation of the constant dialogue with the international regulatory agencies in order to bring health issues that still need to be resolved to the forefront as well as possible therapeutic solutions for diseases that are currently without a cure.
This is the direction that the efforts of our Group is taking, focused on the identification of innovative drugs to protect patients around the world." rhNGF is the result of a specific research project at the Dompe Center for Research & Development of l'Aquila and is produced using recombinant DNA technology, or by transferring human genetic material into bacterial DNA, enabling the bacteria to produce NGF that is entirely identical to that naturally produced by the human body.
rhNGF, the Recombinant Human Nerve Growth Factor developed by Dompe, is identical to the protein that is naturally produced by the body and promotes the development and survival of nerve cells, including those of the retina. NGF (Nerve Growth Factor) was discovered by Rita Levi Montalcini, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1986. The protein stimulates the growth, maintenance, and survival of nerve cells, in addition to the cells of the cornea and the retina.
The cornea in particular has a particularly dense innervation, approximately 400 times denser than that of the skin. Treatment with rhNGF-based ophthalmic solution aims to restore the innervation of the corneal area that has been compromised by the disease in order to promote recovery of visual function. In the future, rhNGF may also prove useful in other forms of optic neuropathies, as it has for retinitis pigmentosa in the treatment of glaucoma and dry eye syndrome due to its innovative mechanism of action.
Neurotrophic keratitis is a rare serious degenerative disease of the eye, for which there is currently no cure, characterized by progressive damage to the cornea that can lead to corneal perforation, with consequent loss of vision. It can be caused by various clinical ocular conditions such as herpetic corneal infections (herpes zoster and simplex), eye surgeries, misuse of topical medications, use of contact lenses, and even systemic conditions such as diabetes or vitamin A deficiency. It affects less than 1 in 5,000 people in the world.